USB hardware power on off

 

Site: http://www.gniibe.org/ac-power-by-usb/ac-power-control.html
Source: http://www.gniibe.org/software/

apt-get install libusb-dev
gcc -o hub-ctrl hub-ctrl.c -lusb

lsusb

Usage: hub-ctrl [{-h HUBNUM | -b BUSNUM -d DEVNUM}] \
[-P PORT] [{-p [VALUE]|-l [VALUE]}]

Version 1

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Initiative of Japan
 *
 * Author: NIIBE Yutaka  <gniibe at fsij.org>
 *
 * This file can be distributed under the terms and conditions of the
 * GNU General Public License version 2 (or later).
 *
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <usb.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#define USB_RT_HUB			(USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_DEVICE)
#define USB_RT_PORT			(USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_OTHER)
#define USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER		8
#define USB_PORT_FEAT_INDICATOR         22
#define USB_DIR_IN			0x80		/* to host */

#define COMMAND_SET_NONE  0
#define COMMAND_SET_LED   1
#define COMMAND_SET_POWER 2
#define HUB_LED_GREEN 2

static void
usage (const char *progname)
{
  fprintf (stderr,
	   "Usage: %s [{-h HUBNUM | -b BUSNUM -d DEVNUM}] \\\n"
	   "          [-P PORT] [{-p [VALUE]|-l [VALUE]}]\n", progname);
}

static void
exit_with_usage (const char *progname)
{
  usage (progname);
  exit (1);
}

#define HUB_CHAR_LPSM		0x0003
#define HUB_CHAR_PORTIND        0x0080

struct usb_hub_descriptor {
  unsigned char bDescLength;
  unsigned char bDescriptorType;
  unsigned char bNbrPorts;
  unsigned char wHubCharacteristics[2];
  unsigned char bPwrOn2PwrGood;
  unsigned char bHubContrCurrent;
  unsigned char data[0];
};

#define CTRL_TIMEOUT 1000
#define USB_STATUS_SIZE 4

#define MAX_HUBS 128
struct hub_info {
  int busnum, devnum;
  struct usb_device *dev;
  int nport;
  int indicator_support;
};

static struct hub_info hubs[MAX_HUBS];
static int number_of_hubs_with_feature;

static void
hub_port_status (usb_dev_handle *uh, int nport)
{
  int i;

  printf(" Hub Port Status:\n");
  for (i = 0; i < nport; i++)
    {
      char buf[USB_STATUS_SIZE];
      int ret;

      ret = usb_control_msg (uh,
			     USB_ENDPOINT_IN | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
			     USB_REQ_GET_STATUS,
			     0, i + 1,
			     buf, USB_STATUS_SIZE,
			     CTRL_TIMEOUT);
      if (ret < 0)
	{
	  fprintf (stderr,
		   "cannot read port %d status, %s (%d)\n",
		   i + 1, strerror(errno), errno);
	  break;
	}

      printf("   Port %d: %02x%02x.%02x%02x", i + 1,
	     buf[3], buf [2],
	     buf[1], buf [0]);

      printf("%s%s%s%s%s",
	     (buf[2] & 0x10) ? " C_RESET" : "",
	     (buf[2] & 0x08) ? " C_OC" : "",
	     (buf[2] & 0x04) ? " C_SUSPEND" : "",
	     (buf[2] & 0x02) ? " C_ENABLE" : "",
	     (buf[2] & 0x01) ? " C_CONNECT" : "");

      printf("%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s\n",
	     (buf[1] & 0x10) ? " indicator" : "",
	     (buf[1] & 0x08) ? " test" : "",
	     (buf[1] & 0x04) ? " highspeed" : "",
	     (buf[1] & 0x02) ? " lowspeed" : "",
	     (buf[1] & 0x01) ? " power" : "",
	     (buf[0] & 0x10) ? " RESET" : "",
	     (buf[0] & 0x08) ? " oc" : "",
	     (buf[0] & 0x04) ? " suspend" : "",
	     (buf[0] & 0x02) ? " enable" : "",
	     (buf[0] & 0x01) ? " connect" : "");
    }
}

static int
usb_find_hubs (int listing, int verbose, int busnum, int devnum, int hub)
{
  struct usb_bus *busses;
  struct usb_bus *bus;

  number_of_hubs_with_feature = 0;
  busses = usb_get_busses();
  if (busses == NULL)
    {
      perror ("failed to access USB");
      return -1;
    }

  for (bus = busses; bus; bus = bus->next)
    {
      struct usb_device *dev;

      for (dev = bus->devices; dev; dev = dev->next)
	{
	  usb_dev_handle *uh;
	  int print = 0;

	  if (dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass != USB_CLASS_HUB)
	    continue;

	  if (listing
	      || (verbose
		  && ((atoi (bus->dirname) == busnum && dev->devnum == devnum)
		      || hub == number_of_hubs_with_feature)))
	    print = 1;

	  uh = usb_open (dev);

	  if (uh != NULL)
	    {
	      char buf[1024];
	      int len;
	      int nport;
	      struct usb_hub_descriptor *uhd = (struct usb_hub_descriptor *)buf;
	      if ((len = usb_control_msg (uh, USB_DIR_IN | USB_RT_HUB,
					  USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR,
					  USB_DT_HUB << 8, 0,
					  buf, sizeof (buf), CTRL_TIMEOUT))
		  > sizeof (struct usb_hub_descriptor))
		{
		  if (!(uhd->wHubCharacteristics[0] & HUB_CHAR_PORTIND)
		      && (uhd->wHubCharacteristics[0] & HUB_CHAR_LPSM) >= 2)
		    continue;

		  if (print)
		    printf ("Hub #%d at %s:%03d\n",
			    number_of_hubs_with_feature,
			    bus->dirname, dev->devnum);

		  switch ((uhd->wHubCharacteristics[0] & HUB_CHAR_LPSM))
		    {
		    case 0:
		      if (print)
			fprintf (stderr, " INFO: ganged switching.\n");
		      break;
		    case 1:
		      if (print)
			fprintf (stderr, " INFO: individual power switching.\n");
		      break;
		    case 2:
		    case 3:
		      if (print)
			fprintf (stderr, " WARN: No power switching.\n");
		      break;
		    }

		  if (print
		      && !(uhd->wHubCharacteristics[0] & HUB_CHAR_PORTIND))
		    fprintf (stderr, " WARN: Port indicators are NOT supported.\n");
		}
	      else
		{
		  perror ("Can't get hub descriptor");
		  usb_close (uh);
		  continue;
		}

	      nport = buf[2];
	      hubs[number_of_hubs_with_feature].busnum = atoi (bus->dirname);
	      hubs[number_of_hubs_with_feature].devnum = dev->devnum;
	      hubs[number_of_hubs_with_feature].dev = dev;
	      hubs[number_of_hubs_with_feature].indicator_support =
		(uhd->wHubCharacteristics[0] & HUB_CHAR_PORTIND)? 1 : 0;
	      hubs[number_of_hubs_with_feature].nport = nport;

	      number_of_hubs_with_feature++;

	      if (verbose)
		hub_port_status (uh, nport);

	      usb_close (uh);
	    }
	}
    }

  return number_of_hubs_with_feature;
}

int
get_hub (int busnum, int devnum)
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < number_of_hubs_with_feature; i++)
    if (hubs[i].busnum == busnum && hubs[i].devnum == devnum)
      return i;

  return -1;
}

/*
 * HUB-CTRL  -  program to control port power/led of USB hub
 *
 *   # hub-ctrl                    // List hubs available
 *   # hub-ctrl -P 1               // Power off at port 1
 *   # hub-ctrl -P 1 -p 1          // Power on at port 1
 *   # hub-ctrl -P 2 -l            // LED on at port 1
 *
 * Requirement: USB hub which implements port power control / indicator control
 *
 *      Work fine:
 *         Elecom's U2H-G4S: www.elecom.co.jp (indicator depends on power)
 *         04b4:6560
 *
 *	   Sanwa Supply's USB-HUB14GPH: www.sanwa.co.jp (indicators don't)
 *
 *	   Targus, Inc.'s PAUH212: www.targus.com (indicators don't)
 *         04cc:1521
 *
 *	   Hawking Technology's UH214: hawkingtech.com (indicators don't)
 *
 */

int
main (int argc, const char *argv[])
{
  int busnum = 0, devnum = 0;
  int cmd = COMMAND_SET_NONE;
  int port = 1;
  int value = 0;
  int request, feature, index;
  int result = 0;
  int listing = 0;
  int verbose = 0;
  int hub = -1;
  usb_dev_handle *uh = NULL;
  int i;

  if (argc == 1)
    listing = 1;

  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    if (argv[i][0] == '-')
      switch (argv[i][1])
	{
	case 'h':
	  if (++i >= argc || busnum > 0 || devnum > 0)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  hub = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'b':
	  if (++i >= argc || hub >= 0)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  busnum = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'd':
	  if (++i >= argc || hub >= 0)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  devnum = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'P':
	  if (++i >= argc)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  port = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'l':
	  if (cmd != COMMAND_SET_NONE)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  if (++i < argc)
	    value = atoi (argv[i]);
	  else
	    value = HUB_LED_GREEN;
	  cmd = COMMAND_SET_LED;
	  break;

	case 'p':
	  if (cmd != COMMAND_SET_NONE)
	    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	  if (++i < argc)
	    value = atoi (argv[i]);
	  else
	    value= 0;
	  cmd = COMMAND_SET_POWER;
	  break;

	case 'v':
	  verbose = 1;
	  if (argc == 2)
	    listing = 1;
	  break;

	default:
	  exit_with_usage (argv[0]);
	}
    else
      exit_with_usage (argv[0]);

  if ((busnum > 0 && devnum <= 0) || (busnum <= 0 && devnum > 0))
    /* BUS is specified, but DEV is'nt, or ... */
    exit_with_usage (argv[0]);

  /* Default is the hub #0 */
  if (hub < 0 && busnum == 0)
    hub = 0;

  /* Default is POWER */
  if (cmd == COMMAND_SET_NONE)
    cmd = COMMAND_SET_POWER;

  usb_init ();
  usb_find_busses ();
  usb_find_devices ();

  if (usb_find_hubs (listing, verbose, busnum, devnum, hub) <= 0)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "No hubs found.\n");
      exit (1);
    }

  if (listing)
    exit (0);

  if (hub < 0)
    hub = get_hub (busnum, devnum);

  if (hub >= 0 && hub < number_of_hubs_with_feature)
    uh = usb_open (hubs[hub].dev);

  if (uh == NULL)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Device not found.\n");
      result = 1;
    }
  else
    {
      if (cmd == COMMAND_SET_POWER)
	if (value)
	  {
	    request = USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE;
	    feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER;
	    index = port;
	  }
	else
	  {
	    request = USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE;
	    feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER;
	    index = port;
	  }
      else
	{
	  request = USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE;
	  feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_INDICATOR;
	  index = (value << 8) | port;
	}

      if (verbose)
	printf ("Send control message (REQUEST=%d, FEATURE=%d, INDEX=%d)\n",
		request, feature, index);

      if (usb_control_msg (uh, USB_RT_PORT, request, feature, index,
			   NULL, 0, CTRL_TIMEOUT) < 0)
	{
	  perror ("failed to control.\n");
	  result = 1;
	}

      if (verbose)
	hub_port_status (uh, hubs[hub].nport);

      usb_close (uh);
    }

  exit (result);
}

Version 2

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Initiative of Japan
 *
 * Author: NIIBE Yutaka  <gniibe at fsij.org>
 *
 * This file can be distributed under the terms and conditions of the
 * GNU General Public License version 2 (or later).
 *
 */

#include <usb.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define USB_RT_HUB			(USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_DEVICE)
#define USB_RT_PORT			(USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_OTHER)
#define USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER		8
#define USB_PORT_FEAT_INDICATOR         22
#define USB_DIR_IN			0x80		/* to host */

#define COMMAND_SET_LED   0
#define COMMAND_SET_POWER 1
#define HUB_LED_GREEN 2

static void
usage (const char *progname)
{
  fprintf (stderr, "Usage: %s [-b BUSNUM] [-d DEVNUM] [-P PORT] [{-l [VALUE]}|{-p [VALUE]}]\n", progname);
}

/*
 * HUB-CTRL  -  program to control port power/led of USB hub
 *
 *   # hub-ctrl -b 1 -d 2 -P 1 -p            // Power off at port 1
 *   # hub-ctrl -b 1 -d 2 -P 1 -p 1          // Power on at port 1
 *   # hub-ctrl -b 1 -d 2 -P 2 -l            // LED on at port 1
 *
 * Requirement: USB hub which implements port power control / indicator control
 *      Work fine:
 *              Elecom's U2H-G4S: www.elecom.co.jp (indicator depends on power)
 *		Sanwa Supply's USB-HUB14GPH: www.sanwa.co.jp (indicators don't)
 *		Targus, Inc.'s PAUH212: www.targus.com (indicators don't)
 *
 */
int
main (int argc, const char *argv[])
{
  int busnum = 0, devnum = 0;
  int cmd = COMMAND_SET_POWER;
  int port = 1;
  int value = 0;
  struct usb_bus *busses;
  struct usb_bus *bus;
  int i;

  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    if (argv[i][0] == '-')
      switch (argv[i][1])
	{
	case 'b':
	  if (++i >= argc)
	    {
	      usage (argv[0]);
	      exit (1);
	    }
	  busnum = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'd':
	  if (++i >= argc)
	    {
	      usage (argv[0]);
	      exit (1);
	    }
	  devnum = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'P':
	  if (++i >= argc)
	    {
	      usage (argv[0]);
	      exit (1);
	    }
	  port = atoi (argv[i]);
	  break;

	case 'l':
	  cmd = COMMAND_SET_LED;
	  if (++i < argc)
	    value = atoi (argv[i]);
	  else
	    value = HUB_LED_GREEN;
	  break;

	case 'p':
	  cmd = COMMAND_SET_POWER;
	  if (++i < argc)
	    value = atoi (argv[i]);
	  else
	    value= 0;
	  break;

	default:
	  usage (argv[0]);
	  exit (1);
	}

  usb_init();
  usb_find_busses();
  usb_find_devices();

  busses = usb_get_busses();
  if (busses == NULL)
    {
      perror ("failed to access USB");
      exit (1);
    }

  bus = busses->next;
  for (bus = busses; bus; bus = bus->next)
    {
      struct usb_device *dev;
      usb_dev_handle *uh;
      int result = 0;
      int request, feature, index;

      if (atoi (bus->dirname) != busnum)
	continue;

      for (dev = bus->devices; dev; dev = dev->next)
	{
	  if (dev->devnum != devnum)
	    continue;

	  if (dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass != USB_CLASS_HUB)
	    {
	      fprintf (stderr, "Device is not hub.\n");
	      exit (1);
	    }

	  uh = usb_open (dev);

	  if (uh != NULL)
	    {
	      unsigned char buf[1024];
	      int len;

	      if ((len = usb_control_msg (uh,
					  USB_DIR_IN | USB_RT_HUB,
					  USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR,
					  USB_DT_HUB << 8, 0,
					  buf, 1024, 1000)) > 0)
		{
		  /* Should check wHubCharacteristic for power control */
		  ;
		}
	      else
		perror ("usb_get_descriptor");

	      if (cmd == COMMAND_SET_POWER)
		if (value)
		  {
		    request = USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE;
		    feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER;
		    index = port;
		  }
		else
		  {
		    request = USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE;
		    feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER;
		    index = port;
		  }
	      else
		{
		  request = USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE;
		  feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_INDICATOR;
		  index = (value << 8) | port;
		}

	      if (usb_control_msg (uh, USB_RT_PORT, request, feature, index,
				   NULL, 0, 1000) < 0)
		{
		  perror ("failed to control.\n");
		  result = 1;
		}
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      perror ("failed to open");
	      result = 1;
	    }

	  usb_release_interface(uh, 0);
	  usb_close (uh);
	  exit (result);
	}
    }

  fprintf (stderr, "Device not found.\n");
  exit (1);
}

 

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